This year, we join Sea Grant programs across the country to celebrate the 50th anniversary of President Lyndon B. Johnson's signing of the law which made this national coastal and ocean science and outreach program reality.
When Oregon Sea Grant celebrated our program's 40th anniversary as one of the nation's first three Sea Grant college programs in 2011, then-Governor John Kitzhaber's proclamation reminded Oregonians that "Oregon Sea Grant funds top-quality research with high relevance to society."
That commitment - and an equally important commitment to share the results of our research to help citizens make informed decisions about our nation's marine resources - has been at the heart of the National Sea Grant Program since the beginning.
Congress created the NOAA Sea Grant program in 1968 in an effort to bring the kind of national attention and resources to ocean and coastal issues that the USDA's Extension Service had brought to rural agricultural communities since the early 20th century. By 1971, funds for the program had been authorized and appropriated, and that Sept. 17, Oregon was designated one of the nation's first four Sea Grant states, along with Washington, Texas and Rhode Island.
Today Sea Grant programs are found in every coastal state; and Oregon’s is still widely considered one of the very top programs.
Even before OSU had a formal Sea Grant program, William Q. Wick, a visionary Extension specialist, had been pondering how to apply the Extension model to the challenges facing the Oregon coast. Assigned to OSU's then-brand-new Marine Science Center in Newport, Wick recruited a recent OSU graduate (and former Beavers basketball star), Bob Jacobson, as Lincoln County's first full-time marine agent.
“Bill recognized the potential of establishing some kind of marine program where we would work, not only with the oyster people, but with others up and down the coast who make their living from the sea,” Jacobson recalled in a 2008 oral history interview. “What they told me when they hired me was, ‘You’re going to be an agricultural agent – in hip boots.’”
Over the decades, Sea Grant has been involved in most of the big issues facing the coast: the rise and fall - and sometimes, recovery - of regional fisheries, the drive to create new seafood products (and the challenges posed by a water-intensive processing industry), and the multiple ways changing economies, resources and demographics have affected coastal people and communities.
Over nearly a half century, Oregon Sea Grant has become a trusted resource for coastal communities, and for state lawmakers and agencies who’ve called on us to help them engage coastal residents on such volatile and timely topics as ocean harvest restrictions, marine reserves and off-shore energy development.
With resident Extension faculty stationed up and down the coast, a core of marine educators and aquarists at the (now Hatfield) Marine Science Center, and capable scientists, communicators and administrators on the OSU campus, Sea Grant has become an important part of OSU's research and public engagement portfolio.
Today, Oregon Sea Grant works strategically, engaging with multiple collaborators and funding sources to extend and build on its 40-year history of excellence. The program is guided by a strategic plan designed to adjust with shifting regional, national and institutional priorities. New issues - climate change, tsunami preparedness, wave energy - have moved to the forefront, but the program's priorities remain the same.