Coupled models of coastal hazards, ecosystems, socioeconomics, and landscape management in conjunction with alternative scenario analysis provide tools that can allow decision-makers to explore effects of policy decisions under uncertain futures. Here, researchers describe the development and assessment of a set of model-based alternative future scenarios examining climate and population driven landscape dynamics for a coastal region in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. These scenarios incorporated coupled spatiotemporal models of climate and coastal hazards, population and development, and policy and assessed a variety of landscape metrics for each scenario. Coastal flooding and erosion were probabilistically simulated using 99 future 95-year climate scenarios. Five policy scenarios were iteratively co-developed by researchers and stakeholders in Tillamook County, Oregon. Results suggest that both climate change and management decisions have a significant impact across the landscape, and can potentially impact geographic regions at different magnitudes and timescales.

Authors: Alexis K. Mills⁠, John P. Bolte⁠, Peter Ruggiero⁠∗, Katherine A. Serafin⁠, Eva Lipiec⁠, Patrick Corcoran⁠, John Stevenson⁠, Chad Zanocco⁠, Denise Lach⁠

Alexis K. Mills⁠, et al
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Source (Journal Article): 
Environmental Modelling and Software, Volume 109, November 2018, Pages 80-92
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13 pages